Tile & Stone

hardwood flooring huntington beachCeramic and Porcelain Tiles

Despite their similar looks, there is a distinct difference between ceramic and porcelain tile. Porcelain is a type of ceramic, but not all ceramics are porcelain. Porcelain is just one of the varieties of ceramic tile and is made from a more refined material.

How is it made?

Ceramic tile is made up of sand, natural products and clays. Once it has been molded into shape, it is fired in a kiln. You can have either glazed or unglazed tiles. Because ceramic tile is porous, the top surface is usually sealed with a glaze. This surface is called the design layer and displays the ultimate color, design and texture. Because of their composition, glazed tiles don’t absorb odors, allergens or bacteria making it easy to clean and pet friendly too.

Porcelain tile is made from more refined and purified clay than ceramic tiles. It is also fired in a kiln at a higher temperature and higher pressure than ceramic tile. The result is a very dense, less porous and firm material. The water absorption rate is less than half a percent. Ceramic tiles are more suitable for light to medium traffic areas. It has a water absorption rating of about four percent.

Where should I use tiles?
Tiles are a great choice for any room that may be prone to moisture or water damage from certain appliances. Bathrooms, kitchens, porches and laundry rooms. You can use ceramic tiles for both walls and floors. The tiles are durable, water resistant and stain resistant. Tile is available in a large range of size, textures, patterns, shapes, and colors giving you the room to be creative with your space.

Strength ratings

Although all tiles are hard, as we see above, some are harder than others. The bisque or biscuit of the tile is produced to meet a specific need and criteria. Check the rating of your tile before you decide where to use it or which strength you require.

  • Group 1: Suitable for light trafficsuch as guest bathroom floors.
  • Group 2: Designed for floors where little abrasion occurs with medium traffic. It is not recommended for your entryway or stairs.
  • Group 3: Suited for medium to heavy traffic anywhere inside your house.
  • Group 4: For heavy traffic anywhere in you home and suitable for medium traffic in retail spaces.
  • Group 5: Extra heavy traffic for use anywhere.

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